Midicine in the Pharaonic era helps us until now
Facts about Egypt and MEDICINE IN THE PHARAONIC ERAYour morning is new and bright Dear readers, today very hot and sunny in Aswan. When I arrived at the headquarters of the (Felucca Company), as usual, I light my phone to surf Facebook and the weather app told me that the temperature today exceeded 42 degrees Celsius, do you imagine that? But it does not matter that the atmosphere is still a little fun at night and you can enjoy with us through our programs, we know how to make your stay with us in Aswan anytime and anywhere.
Are you interested in what we write today? Let us know this after your reading of the article, and my suggestions to you in the last article let’s start…
today we will know together some Facts about Egypt . we know that the Ancient Egyptian knew several of sciences, and even excelled in most of them and made them mysteries that puzzled the world to this day. Where they discovered most of their secrets in the science of mummification and the rest is being searched for, and others in the science of herbal medicine, astronomy, architecture and construction, arts and sports, science of arithmetic and agriculture, medicine and this will be our subject today. This medicine was very advanced at the time, including minor surgeries, bone fractures, and many medications. Although ancient Egyptian medicine has been associated with modern culture with magic and sorcery, medical research has often shown its effectiveness. And we know this well in the extent of their association with magic, as stated in the Book of the dead and they have protected their graves by reading the curses and the suspension of amulets against any thief.
other Facts about Egypt you must know that the Ancient Egyptian manuscripts recall that one of the great priests (Imhotep) was considered the founder of medicine in ancient Egypt. He is believed to be the inventor of hieroglyphic writing, which the ancient Egyptians revered in the later ages of the Pharaohs as the “god of healing”. The ancient Egyptians were known in the field of medicine and included the countries neighboring Egypt until the era of the Ptolemy in Egypt, where the science of medicine reached its maximum extent and progress. It was not found in ancient manuscripts proving that it existed in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Most of which were lost in the fire of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina.
we must know Facts about Egypt The ancient Egyptians excelled in the anatomy of the human body, and this represents their proficiency in embalming and the manner of keeping them to the body members after removing them from the dead body. Ancient Egyptians also knew the difference between health and disease. It was considered that the disease was due to the absence of a member of the body function, which is usually accompanied by pain. And also the difference between internal and external diseases, and they also have specialties among doctors such as the treatment of women, children, bones, tumors, gastrointestinal diseases, and ophthalmology, surgery and veterinary medicine.
Of course, all this is different now in the treatment method and its type, but with the retention of original recipes and development thanks to technology, and the introduction of other chemicals with them and make adjustments to them as a result of the change in the properties of materials used at the time.
The tools used by ancient Egyptians in medicine to know more Facts about Egypt
1-There was the surgical wheel, which included the scalpel, the peat, the probe and the catches, and contained some unknown tools, researchers thought might be tools for embalming.
2-Some instruments that were used in childbirth and some for repair of fractures in the form of zigzag horns, and the balance of anesthesia where they measure the proportion of the drug and some needles to sew wounds, and some tools used in cupping. And some ligaments made of different tails, and tissues, length and width are used as bandages for wounds after a dip in honey or some compound ointments. On the wall of the Kom Ombo Temple of the Ptolemaic period, there is a plaque known as the “wheel of medical instruments”. Archaeologists are still looking at how the Egyptian doctor uses each of these tools in different treatments. The old Egyptian doctor seems to have known an “inhalation device”. There is a manuscript describing how this device, which contained hot rocks, a medical drug, a head and a cane from the jungle, was used to treat the cough. Medicinal papyrus was also used as auxiliary agents, like medical instruments, and was kept in leather bags.
Facts about Egypt we know The most famous doctors in Pharaonic Egypt
*Imhotep: was a high priest in his time, we spoke at the beginning of the article (2600 – 2086 BC)
*Hassi-Ra: President of Dentists and Head of the Book of the King in his time (2670 BC)
*Merit-Ptah: Head of Doctors in Her Age (2700 BC)
*Pentho: the first writer of the king, counselor of the king, the first priest of the god Aton in the temple of Akhitatoun, the chief of the doctors, and the chief deans of his time (1350 BC)
*Thoth-Imhotep: In the reign of King Ramses II, the wise writer and doctor .And others are many successful doctors of all ages.
Numerous manuscripts and papyrus were found to speak about the success and achievements of the pharaohs in medicine. Each papyrus was named after its discoverer, where it detailed what it found about diagnoses of specific diseases and how they have treated and the medicines prescribed for them. We will remind them also today in this article, although we have mentioned some of them in a previous article entitled papyrus.
Papyrus is the largest ancient Egyptian manuscript in medicine. It contains 108 columns written on a 19-meter-long papyrus, and describes a large number of pathological cases that currently span several disciplines in medicine: gynecology, internal medicine, dentistry, parasite medicine, ophthalmology, and dermatology. Other examples mentioned in the papyrus relate to the treatment of inflammation and treatment of tumors, bone fractures, the treatment of incineration, and a thesis on the treatment of the heart, blood vessels and short section of the nervous breakdown. It is believed that the history of the papyrus of Ibis dates back to the 16th century BC, but research has shown that it was written much earlier and may date back to the reign of King Ahmos, and even the possibility of being transferred from manuscripts older than that.
Edwin Smith Papyrus
Edwin Smith’s papyrus is also called “The Book of Wounds”. It is a manuscript written on papyrus on medicine in ancient Egypt. It is considered one of the oldest medical documents. Methods of Treatment and The papyrus witnessed a great development in the science of medicine among the ancient Egyptians, and above all anatomy.
Hirst’s papyrus is dated to the first half of the 18th Dynasty. Hirst Papyrus contains recipes for acute inflammatory treatment, dental disease, bowel disease and heart disease.
The London Papyrus
The history of the London Papyrus dates back to the 18th Dynasty and is concerned with gynecology, tumors, fire and blindness. Some of them contain condoms and invitations to diseases outside Egypt, including “Asian diseases”. The papyrus contains many magic spells.
Or “Great Berlin Papyrus,” which also contains a description of the vascular disease. The large Berlin papyrus goes back to the 19th Dynasty.
The history of the Carlsberg papyrus dates back to about 1200 BC, it is a copy of an original dating back to the Twelfth Dynasty. The papyrus contains prescriptions for the treatment of eye diseases, signs and projections of birth and gynecology. The Carlsberg Papyrus is held at the University Of Copenhagen, Denmark.
There are many, many things not mentioned in this article, and what has not yet been discovered by researchers and scientists specialized in the history of Egypt Pharaonic. It was a long and hard article, was not it? But everything must be hard at times in the way of science.
After your permission, is it possible to ask you something?
After reading any article please, if you know more Facts about Egypt leave a comment about any information you think is incorrect or incomplete, or what you would like to know more about. Please make an evaluation of what we are offering you and if you have some suggested topics please do not hesitate to tell us through our website firstname.lastname@example.org
I will be very grateful for your cooperation with us, see you soon…
For more information visit our website or contact us at:
- Call us:
JP +81 7040647769
EG +20 1027745170
EG +20 1063558181