Pottery in Egypt
Facts about Egypt and the reality of potteryGood morning, all of you, I hope you have a beautiful evening and a pleasant sleep, here we are with a new topic as we promised you in the previous article (facts about Egypt and the reality of pottery and pottery industry in ancient Egypt)
pottery in ancient Egypt an facts about Egypt
With the development of human and the emergence of different civilizations, the diversity of pottery production to provide each age with its needs that serve the human, so before writing history the pottery showed its arts, and before the religion painted superstitions and beliefs on pottery. Mud is a key element in the pottery industry.
China, India, Iraq, and Egypt were among the oldest human civilizations characterized by pottery production. In China, porcelain and white pottery were known, while in Iraq the laws of Hammurabi were found on clay tablets. Assyrian literature was also found in the Sumerian script. facts about Egypt, and the stability of the Egyptian human along its impact on the prosperity of that industry and excellence.
You can eat the most delicious dishes in the pots made of pottery. Of course, there are many developments in the pottery and the old forms that we have entrusted, but some still retain the old character. The pottery is called “zir”, It is a conical pot that is concave in half, and there is (Pallas) for the preservation of foods that are preserved for long periods such as honey without spoiling. The pottery was dried in the air and the sun and then burned in a manner of ventilation and control of the air to give the color red or black according to the oxides of minerals found clay material. The appliqué was polished before or after burning.
The oldest pottery factory in Egypt
Egyptian civilization facts , the oldest pottery factory in Egypt, since the entry of Amr Ibn Al-Aas and the Islamic conquest, until the present time, in the Islamic era, the pottery industry has witnessed a remarkable development, both in the same industry techniques or in the creation of new forms of pottery products and decoration in a variety of ways The pottery industries of that era were divided into two types, a type of upper class and a popular type. El Fustat city was famous for the ceramic pottery industry with its metallic luster and the pottery with engraved decoration. In the Mamluk era, Cairo became an important center for the types of folk pottery production that is simple, inexpensive, tasteful and precise. There are also the most important things I forgot to mention with the folk pottery, where the water is drunk and placed in its own tray on the balconies, with different shapes depending on each region. It also makes areas in Upper Egypt such as (Qena), Small. Recently, pottery artifacts were created in beautiful lighting units that give a beautiful artistic touch inspired by the natural environment.
We offer you again the stages of facts about Egypt and pottery quickly:
1-The method of manual configuration, a primitive method of multiple methods, and is still tracking so far in some rural areas to produce non-cylindrical shapes, where the piece of pottery from several parts and then collected and paste by “scratching” and then touch the surface of the piece with a hand wet with water.
2-The method of “cupboard” for the formation of pots and the wheel is the tool used in the formation of cylindrical and axial pieces of the large diameter of various kinds
3-The method of “casting” was used in the formation of statues and the making of fine utensils, and the dough must be liquid.
4-The process of drying was carried out in a humid place with mild heat where the dishes are placed after the formation on the shelves and leave a sufficient period to dry all parts, to avoid the occurrence of cracking or twisting in the product.
5-The burning phase is the last stage in the pottery industry. The aim of which is to remove the water chemically united with the clay and form a strong cohesive material. Eachclay has a certain temperature.
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