The unique temple
Hello everyone, how are you today? Are you ready for your tour to Luxor? Let’s go…
The first thing that takes the attention of the visitor in (Cairo tours) or (Aswan-Luxor tour) is that high-rise construction.
Once you look at it you wonder how it is a temple, and how it is a mosque.
Not to mention the church.
The temple is located on the eastern bank of the Nile in Luxor.
The temple was built in “1400 BC” in the age of the “18th Dynasty” for the worship of the god (Amun Ra) and his wife and son (Khonsu) called the Tiba Triad.
Luxor Temple structure…
It was built by King (Amenhotep III), the father of “Akhenaton”, on the ruins of an ancient temple to worship the god (Amun).
On a land covered with silver, and placed on a bed of incense.
Then King (Thutmose III) undertook expansions and renovations of the old temple until the temple was completed during the reign of King (Ramses II), which built the front part of the temple and surrounded it with huge columns, and huge statues are made of quartets and granite.
And made the entrance as a great edifice consists of two buildings, in front of each of them a granite statue of the king sitting on his throne.
Its walls were decorated with scenes of the victories of King Ramses II in the Battle of Kaddish against the Hittites in Syria.
There are also two obelisks, each” 25 meters high”.
One was transferred to France in “1833”, and then to the Place DE la Concorde in Paris in 1836 amidst a huge celebration.
The obelisk is still there, written in Hieroglyphics; Ramses, the conqueror of all the foreign peoples, the master of all who wore a crown,
the warrior who defeated millions of enemies, and who subjected the whole world to his authority and recognized
his indomitable power. This is scary!
The hall of columns…
And then, let’s enter the hall of columns, which consists of “14 columns”, seven on both sides as papyrus. The length of the column is “16 meters” and the length of the hall about “52 meters”.
(Tut Ankh Amun and Citi I) decorated these columns. The three sides of the courtyard are surrounded by a double row of “46 columns”.
There is also a sacrificial hall: it has a roof supported by four pillars decorated with decorated with engravings King Amenhotep III, offering sacrifices to the Goddess.
The most important room in the temple is the delivery room. So, Archaeologists called it “Mumzy”.
The most important view is the symbolic marriage of the god Amun of Queen “Mott- Om -Oya”, the mother of King (Amenhotep III).
From then on, the hall was converted into a Roman cabin in the era of Emperor Declidianos, and built in Roman style.
The changes were extended to the king’s chamber of worship and turned into a special place for rites of emperors and Romans.
Have you noticed a change in the historic era? That is what we will know later.
Opt Hall (Holy of Holies)…
it consists of 12 columns that lead to the sacred structure of the Amun and offering offerings and sacrifices.
It is said that this room was intended for astronomical purposes and others deny this.
Abu El-Hagag Story…
Now, we have come to the most important part of this temple and exist; it is the mosque of Abu El-Hajaj.
It is considered one of the most famous mosques in Luxor.
One of The followers of The Method of Sufism called (Youssef ben Abdu El Rahim El Zahid) built it.
The mosque was built in the Ayyubid period on the northeastern side of the temple.
Above the pillars of the courtyard of (King Ramses II). The mosque has a square shape, has a wooden roof, and no decorations.
It has red brick balconies.
The minaret is 14 meters high and next to it is a modern minaret. As for the story of (Mrs. Teresa) was a Coptic princess nun owns the city of Luxor.
(Abu El Hajaj) wanted to own a piece of land next to Luxor Temple.
He asked her to give him the land and she agreed.
The whole city is surrounded by ropes made of camel skin, on the ruins of a church built on the Temple of Luxor.
After that, she converted to Islam. She was died and was buried inside the mosque.
Then, the mosque is considered one of the unique Islamic monuments.
An annual celebration of (Abu Hajaj) is held on the last night of Sha’ban. Where we see many aspects of the ancient Opt day.
In this article, you can see the fusion of Islamic civilizations built on the ruins of an ancient church on the ruins of a great Pharaonic temple.
The features of these civilizations emerged after a fire in the mosque in 2007, and several repairs were carried out.
Oh! We were about to forget the” way of the rams“…
The main part of the temple, it is Located on the north side of the temple to reach the temples of Luxor and Karnak.
Where is the length of “3 km”, was passing through the procession Amun carrying the statue on the holy
shoulders of the priests, to the temple of Luxor amid the crowds of people until it reaches the headquarters of the Opt celebration.
Whatever you see from the mix of civilizations, it will not be as skillful as you see in Egypt.
There are many stories about the unique temple you will all know during your (Aswan -Luxor tour).
But don’t forget to take some pictures of the memory and see it to your friends who did not visit Egypt, and make them join the tours
to Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan.i am gonna tell you a lot of secrets about ancient Egyptian temples, see you soon, bye.
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